How do I configure the STL connection over Internet?
Barix STL connection over Internet
This document describes some different methods to make a STL connection (Studio Transmitter Link) over internet with Barix Instreamer and Barix Exstreamer.
In the last chapters you can also find information about port forwarding (opening firewall) on the router and DNS. The technology is perfect to stream permanent (even 24 hour/day service) audio from point A (Instreamer in the studio) to point B (Exstreamer on the transmitter/antenna).
For a Instreamer-Exstreamer connection in a local LAN environment there is a separate guide !
Following you can find three different setups: ** HTTP link over internet ** RTP link over internet ** BRTP link over internet
Don´t forget to configure a valid gateway entry in the setup for the Instreamer and also the Exstreamer, that is required in all three modes over Internet !
If you use DNS names then you have to define also a valid DNS Server.
All the following information and a litte bit more are also in the "Howto Instreamer-Exstreamer"  contained.
HTTP link over Internet
The advantage of this method is that any PC or Exstreamer can make a permanent connection or only listen the stream on request using the TCP protocol . If the network is down for a while then the Exstreamer will automatically reconnect . This method can be used with the standard Exstreamer firmware and also with the Exstreamer Streaming Client firmware.
Instreamer (e.g. 192.168.110.175)
under Streaming :
Radio Path : /xstream
Stream to : Internet Radio : 0.0.0.0 : 80 (this opens a local listen port where Exstreamer connects to)
Exstreamer (e.g. 192.168.1.20)
(for Streaming Client firmware)
under Streaming :
URL x (e.g.) : http://126.96.36.199:80/xstream
(for Exstreamer Standard firmware - discontinued)
under Streaming :
Mode : 3 Streaming Puller
Server IP address : IP of the Instreamer´s router (IP from ISP) e.g. 188.8.131.52
Server Port : forwarded port on Instreamer´s router, e.g. 80
Server Path : /xstream
On the Instreamer´s network you have to open the firewall and to make a TCP port forwarding (see chapter Port forwarding), so that the Exstreamer´s request is forwarded from the firewall to the Instreamer.
If the router on the Instreamer´s network has no static IP address from the ISP, then you can use a DNS address :
Exstreamer Streaming Client firmware under URL x (e.g.) : http://myhome.dyndns.org:80/xstream
Standard firmware under STREAMING–Init Sequence (e.g) : S=http://myhome.dnydns.org:80/xstream
RTP over Internet
For a permanent STL connection from Instreamer to Exstreamer RTP or BRTP is probably the best solution from our view. More information about the RTP /BRTP protocol are available on our RTP guide, downloadable from Barix site (on Downloads – Application Notes). RTP/ BRTP use the UDP protocol.
Instreamer (e.g. 192.168.110.175) needs min. firmware 2.02 or higher
under Audio : MP3 Bitreservoir mode : in VBR is must be "kept empty" , in CBR mode it must be "use"
under Streaming : Stream to : RTP : IP of the router on Exstreamer´s network : forwarded UDP port on the router e.g. Stream to : RTP : 184.108.40.206 : 4444
Exstreamer (e.g. 192.168.1.20)
for Exstreamer Streaming Client firmware: URL x : rtp://0.0.0.0:4444
On the Exstreamer´s network you have to open the firewall and to make a UDP port forwarding (see chapter Port forwarding), so that the Instreamer´s stream is forwarded from the firewall to the Exstreamer.
DNS names are not supported in this mode, the Exstreamer´s router needs a static IP address !
BRTP over Internet
For this mode you need Instreamer firmware 2.03 or higher and Exstreamer Streaming Client firmware. !
For many customer’s this is probably the best solution, because it´s reliable and works with DNS names. BRTP uses UDP, so you have to make a UDP port forwarding on the router in the Instreamer’s network .
Instreamer (e.g. 192.168.110.175) needs min. firmware 2.03
under Audio : MP3 Bitreservoir mode : in VBR mode it must be "kept empty" , in CBR mode it must be "use"
under Streaming : Stream to e.g. : BRTP : 0.0.0.0 : 4444
Only on the first entry / line available !!! Don´t use line 2 – 8 for this setting !
This opens the UDP port, where the Exstreamers (multiple !) can pull the stream from .
Exstreamer Streaming Client (e.g. 192.168.1.20):
URL x : brtp://router IP from the Instreamer’s network : forwarded UDP port on the router e.g. URL x : brtp://220.127.116.11:4444 or URL x : brtp://DNS name of the router in Instreamer’s network : forwarded UDP port on the router e.g. URL x : brtp://myhome.dyndns.org:4444
Port forwarding on routers / firewalls
Usually most of the ports on routers/firewalls are closed for incoming internet connections. With a port forwarding you open a port on the firewall/router and you specify where the router has to forward the internet traffic which is incoming on this port to the internal network.
To make a device reachable through a router you have usually two options on the router/firewall :
1st : port forwarding 2nd : DMZ (DeMilitarized Zone)
DMZ allows you to put a whole unit to the internet, with all ports (UDP and TCP). The unit is then excepted of the firewall security. Everyone has then full access if the device isn’t password protected.
For example: The Instreamer has IP address 192.168.110.175 . Over the public IP address 18.104.22.168 (from ISP) you can reach now the Instreamer.
Note, if you enable DMZ, then port forwarding should be not active on the same router !
I would prefer port forwarding instead of DMZ .
DNS (Domain name service)
When your routers have not got a fix IP address from the ISP (Internet service provider) and the dynamic IP address changes every day, then it makes sense to use a DNS name because you cannot change the configuration of the Instreamer / Exstreamer every day .
DNS translates a unique name to a IP address. On the Internet there are some DNS registration services, DYNDNS.org is a very popular DNS service and supported from many routers.
Before you can use a DYNDNS – DNS name you have create a account on www.dyndns.org , and to select/register your DNS name. The account and the registration of a DNS name on DYNDNS is for free.
The name should be a little more specific as my example (myhome) and must be unique in the whole world. When you have created your account and registered a valid DNS name then you have to configure your router, that the router updates the DYNDNS server every time when the router gets a new IP address from the ISP. Check first which services are supported on your router.